This print has never been cleaned or restored. Being over 170 years old it demonstrates characteristics commonly associated with its age and usage, such as natural discoloring of the paper (toning). There are a few spots of foxing (age spots). Some imperfections are to be expected with prints of this age. Please refer to the photos. The edge that was attached to the book is untrimmed and has retained some of the glue from its original binding. Overall, I believe that this print is in very fine to excellent condition.
Feel free to email if you have any specific questions or requests regarding this print. --
General Information About Octavo Prints
Plate 436 Arctic Tern 1840 First Edition Royal Octavo Edition by John James Audubon for sale
First edition Octavo prints are a very popular among Audubon collectors today because they were created under the direct instruction and supervision of their artistic creator, John James Audubon. Only the double elephant Havell’s can also make that claim. Sold to the public by subscription between 1840-1844, it is estimated that only 1000-1200 sets may have been made. In the 170 years since their printing, it is unknown how many copies still exist.
After the successful reception of Audubon’s “Birds of America” Havell Edition, he set out to create a smaller, less expensive edition and therefore increase its availability. Called ‘Octavo’ because they are approximately 1/8th the size of the Havell edition, Audubon retained the shop of JT Bowen of Philadelphia for most of the lithography and hand coloring of the prints. Some plates (136-150) were lithographed and colored by George Endicott of New York. This smaller sized edition was published as “The Royal Octavo Edition of Birds of America”. The designation ‘Royal’ has nothing to do with any intention to market the publication, but rather a printer’s term for the plates common dimension, 6 ½” x 10”.
Octavo first edition prints are more desirable and collectible than later editions. This octavo edition is the only edition that was fully hand colored. These first edition prints are generally identified by their lack of beige or blue-green colored backgrounds, which were used in the second and later editions. Also characteristic of first edition prints are the italic typeface used for the bottom credit line. Italics identify the first edition; bold typeface typical of the later editions. The prints themselves were printed on heavy paper stock somewhat stiff and similar to card stock. The paper is free of plate or watermarks.